Stage 3 Mesothelioma Definition
Stage 3 of mesothelioma is considered to have advanced from the origin of the tumor already and may have spread to other body parts. What this means in simple terms is that the tumor has broken boundaries from the lining of the chest wall, lungs, abdomen, and heart and is headed towards the lymph nodes near the affected side.
However, it can be controlled by containing it to one side of the body. Lucky for those who have good overall health as they can still receive curative treatment. Those likely to have worsened at this stage can receive preventive medications that help keep cancer in check.
The Three Diagnostic Systems
Mesothelioma is graded as stage three using three different systems, and each produces traits of stage 3 mesothelioma. They are;
It is the oldest prognosis system and identifies that cancer at this stage has spread to the diaphragm or has metastasized in the abdomen for peritoneal mesothelioma, and in case of both, it has affected the lymph nodes.
It classifies the status of the tumor, nodes, and metastasis of mesothelioma. At this point, cancer has spread to organs close to its origin and is one-sided. However, the cancerous cells can be found in the lymph nodes too.
The Birmingham system indicates that stage 3 mesothelioma is inoperable, and the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes. However, palliative surgery can be conducted in favor of removing produced fluids in the lungs or abdomen. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can also be applied.
Stage 3 Mesothelioma: Signs and Symptoms
When you compare the signs and symptoms of the first two stages to stage three mesothelioma, the signs become clearer to see, and the body may exhibit specific symptoms.
However, in stages one and two, the features of the cancer are more hidden, and it can be hard to tell whether or not that a person is ailing apart from a few signs, here and there. Without further ado, here are the signs and symptoms you are most likely to experience at this stage:
Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
Pain when breathing
There is so much pain manifestation at stage 3 mesothelioma that the tumor has grown and caused the production of excess fluids, scarring, and inflammation of the linings. The excess fluid puts pressure on the organs while scarring and inflammation restrict the movement of the lining hence causing pain.
Stage 3 Mesothelioma Treatment
Viable treatment options for stage 3 mesothelioma include:
It is an after-surgery treatment whereby the cancer patient is screened to kill the mesothelioma cells present in the body. It is also effective before surgery as it helps shrink the tumor.
Surgery at this stage is not recommended due to the intensity of the metastasis and that most candidates don’t qualify for surgery. However, palliative care can be administered, which involves three procedures, i.e., pleurodesis, thoracentesis, and pericardiocentesis, which involve removing fluids.
This is the most common treatment for all cancer patients in all stages. It is administered in pill form but can also be induced through an intravenous drip. It is also offered after surgery to eliminate any remaining fragments of mesothelioma cells.
Clinical trials involve experimentation of new developing cancer treatments aimed at determining whether the treatments are safer and more effective than those currently in use.